FHWA aims to minimize the impact of transportation projects on natural habitats through mitigation banking, reductions in habitat fragmentation, advanced ecosystem planning and management, and ecosystem-based research efforts. For information on FHWA's activities in Habitat Management, please follow the links listed below.
- "The Ecosystem Approach and Transportation Development" outlines the ecosystem approach to transportation planning and details transportation agency projects that have adhered to its goals of creating a safe, efficient, and environmentally sensitive transportation system.
- "Eco-Logical: An Ecosystem Approach to Developing Infrastructure Projects" began with the belief it is possible to develop necessary infrastructure in ways that respect terrestrial and aquatic habitats. Eco-Logical provides a conceptual groundwork for integrating plans across agency boundaries. Its ecosystem-based mitigation approach encourages Federal, State, tribal, and local partners involved in infrastructure planning, design, review, and construction to use flexible regulatory processes. In 2008, FHWA awarded 14 grants to projects that address the elements described in Eco-Logical's integrated planning process. Recipients of this grant for "Integrating Transportation and Resource Planning to Develop Ecosystem-Based Infrastructure Projects" include state and local departments of transportation, state resource agencies, Metropolitan Planning Organizations, local governments, nongovernmental organizations, and a university.
- "Technologies to Improve Consideration of Environmental Concerns in Transportation Decisions" describes eight technologies available to transportation agencies that support the consideration of environmental concerns during the decisionmaking process.
- Since 2002, FHWA has identified Exemplary Ecosystem Initiatives (EEIs), projects undertaken by States or Federal Lands Highway divisions that integrate ecological, economic, and social factors into transportation planning. Projects may be submitted for joint consideration with the Exemplary Human Environment Initiatives (EHEIs), which recognize transportation projects that improve the transportation system for human use while respecting the natural environment.
Questions and feedback should be directed to Marlys Osterhues (firstname.lastname@example.org, 202-366-2052).